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Coregonus peled

Photo: Peled
Weights and measures
Length from 30 to 45 cm
Weight from 0,3 to 1 kg
State of endangerment
Animal description
The Peled (Coregonus peled) is a fascinating species of fish that belongs to the salmon family Salmonidae, captivating the interest of both anglers and scientists alike. Originating from the cold, fresh waters of northern Eurasia, particularly in regions stretching from the Ural Mountains to Siberia, this fish has adapted remarkably to its chilly environment.

Characterized by its elongated, streamlined body, the Peled typically exhibits a silvery hue that glistens under the sunlight, making it a beautiful sight in its natural habitat. The body is covered in small, delicate scales that provide a smooth texture. This fish usually grows to an average length of 40-60 cm, but specimens reaching up to 70 cm have been recorded, demonstrating a significant variation in size among the population.

One of the most distinctive features of the Peled is its diet, which primarily consists of zooplankton, small invertebrates, and occasionally, smaller fish. This diet is indicative of its role within the aquatic ecosystem, where it serves as both a predator and prey. Young Peled are often targeted by larger fish and birds, while adult Peled predate on smaller aquatic organisms, maintaining the delicate balance of their ecosystem.

The reproductive cycle of the Peled is also of interest. Spawning occurs during the winter months, under the ice, which is relatively unusual among freshwater fish. This unique adaptation ensures that their eggs are laid in a period when predatory activity is at its lowest, increasing the survival rate of the offspring. The eggs are deposited in shallow waters, where they adhere to rocks and vegetation until they hatch.

In terms of economic importance, the Peled holds significant value in both commercial fishing and aquaculture. Its flesh is highly prized for its delicate flavor and high nutritional content, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, making it a sought-after commodity in local and international markets. Furthermore, due to its rapid growth rate and resilience to cold temperatures, the Peled has become a popular choice for fish farming in northern regions, contributing to the diversification of aquaculture species and providing a sustainable source of protein.

Conservation efforts are in place to ensure the sustainability of Peled populations, given their importance to both the environment and the economy. These efforts include regulating fishing practices, protecting spawning grounds, and monitoring water quality to mitigate the impact of pollution and climate change.

In summary, the Peled (Coregonus peled) is a remarkable species that thrives in the cold waters of northern Eurasia. Its unique adaptations, ecological role, and economic value make it a species of great interest and importance, underscoring the need for continued research and conservation to ensure its survival for generations to come.
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